General Information

Event name: US-22-016
Country: UNITED STATES
Nature of the harmful event:
High Phyto concentration , Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Shellfish , Humans
Toxicity detected: Yes (Approximate range: 91-1715 g/100g tissue)
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity: No
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector): PSP toxin: Blue mussels, butter clams, geoduck, manila clams
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: Yes (Marine Biotoxin Program at the Washington State Department of Health, Office of Environmental and Health and Safety.)
Event occurred before in this location: Yes
Individuals to contact: BORCHERT, Jerry , BARRY, Tracie

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: , Longitude:
General location information: Washington State, North Puget Sound,
HAB Area code(s): US-24
Additional location information: Marine, Estuarine
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:2022-06-29
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd): End: 2022-10-04
Additional date-related information:

Microalgae

Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Alexandrium spp. ( cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography:

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Blue Mussels Saxitoxins 1715 g/100g tissue Bioassay-Mouse
Butter Clams Saxitoxins 91 g/100g Bioassay-Mouse
Manila Clams Saxitoxins 270g/100g Bioassay-Mouse
Pacific Oysters Saxitoxins 317g/100g Bioassay-Mouse
Geoduck Saxitoxins 142g/100g Bioassay-Mouse
Kit used: No Type of kit used:
Additional information:
Economic losses: Recreational and commercial shellfish harvest seasons were interrupted, causing cultural and economic loss to North Puget Sound Washington communities
Management decision: WADOH closed shellfish harvesting at impacted areas to protect public health. Oysters and manila clams from Eastsound were recalled.
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 12:56 on 6 Apr 2023
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