General Information

Event name: AU-12-003
Nature of the harmful event:
Water Discoloration , High Phyto concentration , Mass mortalities
Event directly affected:
Natural Fish
Toxicity detected: Yes
Associated syndrome:
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: No
Event occurred before in this location: No
Individuals to contact: Hallegraeff Gustaaf

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: -33.766389, Longitude: 151.292778
General location information: Curl curl Lagoon, NSW
HAB Area code(s): AU-14
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Start: 2012-09-17, End: 2012-09-26
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information: Just the date of fish kills


Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Amphidinium carterae Hulburt 1957 (180 000 cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Murray et al., 2015. Harmful algae 49: 19-28

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Amphidinium carterae LC-MS
Kit used: No Type of kit used:
Additional information: Luteophanol A (ichthyotoxin)
Economic losses:
Management decision: Investigation of fish kill
Additional harmful effect information: 300 fish killed
Created at 05:42 on 14 Feb 2017
Updated at 05:47 on 14 Feb 2017