General Information

Event name: ITA-94-001
Country: ITALY
Nature of the harmful event:
High Phyto concentration , Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: Yes
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: No
Event occurred before in this location: No
Individuals to contact: ZINGONE, Adriana , HONSELL, Giorgio

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: 44.200000, Longitude: 12.420000
General location information: From Goro to Cattolica, Noth Adriatic
HAB Area code(s): ITA-003
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:1994-05-05
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Alexandrium minutum Halim 1960 (73000 cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Honsell, G., Poletti, R., Pompei, M., Sidari, L., Milandri, A., Casadei, C. & Viviani, R. 1996. Alexandrium minutum Halim and PSP contamination in the northern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). In: Yasumoto, T., Oshima, Y. & Fukuyo, Y. [Eds.] Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, pp. 77-80.

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information: GTX1, GTX2
Economic losses:
Management decision: Closure of aquaculture plants
Additional harmful effect information: This is the first report of PSP outbreak in the Adriatic area
Created at 12:23 on 12 Jun 2018