General Information

Event name: BR-97-003
Country: BRAZIL
Nature of the harmful event:
Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: Yes (Approximate range: 5600 MU/kg)
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity: No
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector): Perna perna
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: Yes (pilot program to monitor phycotoxins and potentially harmful algae in a coastal area of Santa Catarina)
Event occurred before in this location:
Individuals to contact: SCHWEIBOLD Laura

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: -27.708333, Longitude: 48.630278
General location information: Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina
HAB Area code(s): BR-19
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:1997-07-01
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Gymnodinium catenatum ( cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Proenca L.A.O. et al., 2001. The toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum in southern Brazilian waters: occurence, pigments and toxins. Atlantica Rio Grande, 23: 59-65.

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information:
Economic losses: farm closures
Management decision:
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 05:00 on 22 Nov 2019