General Information

Event name: ITA-75-001
Country: ITALY
Nature of the harmful event:
High Phyto concentration , Mass mortalities
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: No
Associated syndrome:
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: No
Event occurred before in this location:
Individuals to contact: ZINGONE, Adriana , Boni, Laurita

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: 44.225278, Longitude:
General location information: North Adriatic Sea, Emilia Romagna
HAB Area code(s): ITA-003
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:1975-09-09
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Ceratium sp. ( cells/L)
Tripos karstenii, previously known as Ceratium karstenii - species missing
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus: Triposolenia sp. ( cells/L)
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Boni, L. Red tides of the coast of Emilia Romagna (north-western Adriatic sea) from 1975 to 1982. Informatore Botanico Italiano 15, 18-24 (1983).

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information:
Economic losses: Economic losses because tourists left
Management decision:
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 01:07 on 16 Feb 2018
Updated at 03:13 on 19 Jul 2019