General Information

Event name: ITA-07-004
Country: ITALY
Nature of the harmful event:
Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: Yes
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: Yes
Event occurred before in this location:
Individuals to contact: ZINGONE, Adriana , HONSELL, Giorgio

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: 44.225278, Longitude:
General location information: Misano,Emilia Romagna, north Adriatic Sea
HAB Area code(s): ITA-003
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:2007-08-01
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: No
Causative Species/Genus: Alexandrium minutum Halim 1960 ( cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Milandri, A., Cangini, M., Costa, A., Giacobbe, M. G., Poletti, R., Pompei, M., Riccardi, E., Rubini, S., Virgilio, S. & Pigozzi, S. 2008. Caratterizzazione delle tossine PSP (Paralytic shellfish poisoning) in mitili raccolti in differenti aree marine Italiane. Biol. Mar. Med. 15:38-41.

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Saxitoxins 377 μgSTXdiHCle LC-FD
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information: biological method also positive
Economic losses:
Management decision: Shellfish harvesting halted
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 11:28 on 17 Dec 2019