General Information

Event name: ITA-03-003
Country: ITALY
Nature of the harmful event:
Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: Yes
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: No
Event occurred before in this location:
Individuals to contact: ZINGONE, Adriana , LUGLIE', Antonella

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: 40.922778, Longitude: 9.529167
General location information: Golfo di Olbia, East Sardinia
HAB Area code(s): ITA-017
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Start: 2003-04-22, End: 2003-05-10
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: No
Causative Species/Genus: Alexandrium pacificum R.W.Litaker, 2014 ( cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus: Alexandrium minutum Halim 1960 ( cells/L)
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Luglič, A., Satta, C. T., Pulina, S., Bazzoni, A. M., Padedda, B. M. & Sechi, N. 2011. Le problematiche degli harmful algal blooms (HABs) in Sardegna. Biol. Mar. Med. 18:2-9.

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information:
Economic losses:
Management decision: shelfish harvesting halted
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 11:36 on 17 Dec 2019