General Information

Event name: ITA-06-001
Country: ITALY
Nature of the harmful event:
Seafood toxins
Event directly affected:
Toxicity detected: Yes
Associated syndrome: PSP
Unexplained toxicity:
Species implicated in toxin transmission (transvector):
Report the outcome of a monitoring programme: Yes
Event occurred before in this location:
Individuals to contact: ZINGONE, Adriana , Milandri Anna

Location & Date

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Location: Latitude: 39.813333, Longitude: 8.491667
General location information: Gulf of Oristano, West Sardinia, Mediterranean Sea
HAB Area code(s): ITA-018
Additional location information:
Bloom event dates (yyyy/mm/dd): Event Date:2006-11-10
Start: 2006-11-10, End: 2006-12-10
Quarantine levels dates (yyyy/mm/dd):
Additional date-related information:


Causative organism known: Yes
Causative Species/Genus: Alexandrium pacificum R.W.Litaker, 2014 (2240 cell/L cells/L)
Co-Ocurring Species/Genus:
Chlorophyll concentration, if known: µg/l
Additional bloom information:
Event-related bibliography: Milandri, A., Cangini, M., Costa, A., Giacobbe, M. G., Poletti, R., Pompei, M., Riccardi, E., Rubini, S., Virgilio, S. & Pigozzi, S. 2008. Caratterizzazione delle tossine PSP (Paralytic shellfish poisoning) in mitili raccolti in differenti aree marine Italiane. Biol. Mar. Med. 15:38-41.

Environmental Conditions

Weather: Turbidity (NTU): Wind direction:
Stratified water: Oxygen content (nL/L): Wind velocity:
Temperature (°C): Oxygen saturation %: Current Direction:
Sechhi disk (m): Salinity: Current Velocity:
Nutrient information:
Temperature Range During Event: Max: °C, Min: °C
Salinity Range During Event:
Bloom location in the water column:
Growth Comments
Additional Environmental information:

Toxin Assay Information

Species containing the toxin Toxin type Toxin details Max. concentration Assay type
Mytilus galloprovincialis Saxitoxins 1720 μgSTXeq/kg Bioassay-Mouse
Mytilus galloprovincialis Saxitoxins 1529 μgSTX LC-FD
Kit used: Type of kit used:
Additional information:
Economic losses:
Management decision: shellfish harvesting halted
Additional harmful effect information:
Created at 12:11 on 18 Dec 2019
Updated at 12:15 on 18 Dec 2019